What happens in anemia that makes health so bad? The answer is – iron deficiency in the body. Red blood cells or hemoglobin present in our blood, It is a form of iron. Moreover, the red color of blood is also due to iron. When we eat a diet rich in iron, the body’s metabolism converts it into hemoglobin, which makes red blood cells. oxygen in the lungs, Through these red blood cells, it reaches throughout the body.
In our country, the problem that women face the most in terms of health is anemia ie anemia. Its prevalence can be gauged from the fact that about 10 million cases of anemia are reported every year in India.
Usually malnutrition and genetic reasons cause iron deficiency in the body and blood, but a major cause of anemia in women is menstruation, child birth, blood loss in surgery and endometriosis. In some women, hormonal changes during menstruation can lead to a longer period of menstruation due to the growth of endometrial tissue in the reproductive system, which leads to loss of blood in their body.
What is the effect on the body?
Often you must have seen that some women’s complexion is towards yellowness, hands and feet are cold and nails break due to slight pressure. These are common symptoms of anemia in the body. If they are accompanied by weakness, fatigue, headache, constipation and trouble concentrating, then they are anemic. In some women, the symptoms of anemia are swelling, redness and pain in the tongue. Ignoring these symptoms can make anemia more severe, i.e. blood in the body, which results in clotting, high or low blood pressure, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath and chest pain. If it is not treated even now, then the chances of heart attack increase due to heart enlargement because the heart has to continuously pump a lot of blood to meet the lack of oxygen in the body. Sometimes anemia also affects the eyes, in which retinal hyroxia means that due to reduced blood supply to the eyes, the pupils start dilating and there can be a dangerous disease like retinal edema.
Why is there anemia?
It was a matter of the effect of anemia on health, now the question is, what happens in anemia that makes health so bad? The answer is – iron deficiency in the body.
Red blood cells or hemoglobin, present in our blood, is a form of iron. Moreover, the red color of blood is also due to iron. When we eat a diet rich in iron, the body’s metabolism converts it into hemoglobin, which makes red blood cells. The oxygen present in the lungs reaches the whole body through these red blood cells. When the number of red blood cells in the blood falls below the required limit, then the health starts to deteriorate due to lack of oxygen in the body.
You must be thinking that why do red blood cells decrease in the blood? The answer is to disturb the balance of red blood cell formation and destruction in the body. This balance is disturbed when the rate of formation of new cells decreases but old cells are destroyed at their normal speed. Because the life span of red blood cells is only 100 to 120 days. The main reason for the slow growth of new cells is the lack of iron, vitamin B-12, vitamin C and folate in the diet or low thyroid hormone. In some cases, the lack of erythroprotein in the body also reduces the speed of their formation, but this happens when there is a defect or infection in the kidney.
How is the lack of blood in the body confirmed?
To confirm the lack of blood in the body ie anemia, the level of hemoglobin in the blood is checked. According to medical science, the level of hemoglobin should be 12 to 15.5 grams per deciliter in women and 13.5 to 17.5 grams per deciliter in men. Some blood tests are done to find out the level of hemoglobin and iron in the blood such as CBC i.e. complete blood count, serum iron level, ferritin, vitamin B-12 and folic acid.
In the serious condition of anemia, the leakage of blood in the stool is checked. So that it can be known that there is no bleeding in the digestive track. If there is blood in the stool due to stomach ulcers, ulcerative colitis and colon cancer, then there will also be anemia.
What is the treatment for anemia in the body?
After the anemia is confirmed, let’s talk about its treatment. In the initial stage, its treatment is very easy, you can get rid of it only by correcting the diet, but some people make their health worse by falling into the trap of quacks and quacks. There have been many cases in which sacrificing doctors misled patients of aplastic anaemia, sickle cell anemia and thalassemia as blood cancer. Keep in mind that all patients of blood cancer are anemic, but not every anemic person has blood cancer.
In most cases, anemia is caused by a lack of iron, vitamin B-12, vitamin C and folate in the diet. It gets cured gradually by eating nutritious-rich especially green leafy vegetables. Iron and multi-vitamin supplements are usually given in its treatment. Only in severe condition, injections of erythroprotein hormone are given, which increases the production of red blood cells in the body. If the cause of anemia is the lack of thyroid hormone in the body, then get it treated immediately, otherwise there will be some other health-related problems.
Eliminate blood loss with food
To avoid anemia, according to the guidelines issued by the World Health Organization, women between the ages of 18 and 45 should take 18 mg of iron daily. This quantity is 27 mg for pregnant women and 19 mg for breast feeding women. Whereas men between the ages of 19 and 50 need only 8 mg of iron per day.
To avoid anemia, vegetarian women include green leafy vegetables, broccoli, tomatoes, beetroot, carrots, green peas, soybeans, pulses, beans, oatmeal, peanuts, kidney beans, black gram, tofu and paneer in their diet.
Among fruits, apples, oranges, seasonal, pomegranate, guava are helpful in recovering from anemia. Almonds, raisins, chuhara, chironji, chilgoza are rich in iron in dry fruits. If there is no sugar, then regular consumption of raisins and dates fulfills iron deficiency quickly, but in case of diabetes, consume them only after asking the doctor. Nowadays, seeds are very much a trend in modern food. In such a situation, the consumption of Pumpkin Seed, Flaxseed, Seiya Seed and Sesame is beneficial in anemia. Apart from these, non-vegetarian women can include red meat, fish, chicken and eggs in their diet.
Remember, except for genetic anemia, most cases are completely curable with nutritious diet and treatment. Take multivitamin supplements only on the advice of a qualified doctor, exercise regularly and yes, abstain from smoking and alcohol during treatment.